Zasman Vet puppy information
Zasman Vet puppy information
new puppy information
Your new puppy needs a course of vaccinations to protect them from serious and deadly diseases. The breeder may have given your puppy its first vaccination already. There are 2 types of vaccinations –core vaccines and non-core vaccines. Core vaccines are essential for your pet’s health. Non-core vaccines are recommended optional vaccines. The core vaccine for your puppy will protect them against parvovirus (severe diarrhoea), distemper virus (immunosuppression and nervous signs), adenovirus (hepatitis), parainfluenza virus (flu-type disease) and leptospirosis (eye, kidney, liver and other organs affected). Your puppy will have their first vaccine around 8 weeks and the second between 10 -12 weeks. A final vaccination will be needed at 16 weeks to ensure full protection. The non-core vaccines are kennel cough and rabies. These are given after 12 weeks of age. Kennel cough causes a severe cough which is very debilitating. Vaccination is recommended for dogs who regularly socialise in groups with other dogs or who are going to be boarded. Rabies vaccine is only required for animals who will be obtaining a pet passport for travel. To maintain your puppy’s immunity, annual boosters will be required throughout their life.
All dogs should wear a collar with an identification tag. However sometimes collars can be lost or removed. Microchipping is a permanent form of identification for your pet. A small implant the size of a grain of rice is injected under the skin of the animal’s neck. When scanned, the microchip will transmit a unique number which is linked to your contact details on a nationwide database. If your pet is lost, stolen or injured, any vet or rescue centre can scan them and contact you immediately. It is now the law that all dogs in the UK are microchipped.
Worms are parasites which live in the puppy’s intestines, affecting how they digest their food and how much goodness they can extract from it. Round worms and tape worms are the commonest types, round worms lodge in the puppy's small intestine, form balls and can cause intestinal obstructions. Tape worms fix onto the intestinal wall and cause bloating, diarrhoea and sometimes damage to the coat. They can be detected by the presence of white disks in the stool rather like grains of rice. It’s important to treat for worms as some of them can also infect humans. Your puppy could have dog or cat fleas – fleas aren’t picky, they’ll feast off either species quite happily, and as well as causing itching, they also transmit worms, and will bite humans too. You should keep an eye out for any flea outbreaks – look out for black specks along your puppy’s spine or, when you comb them, wipe the comb on a damp tissue – red or black specks mean they have fleas. Once they have infected an animal, fleas will lay eggs and start breeding in your home. This type of infestation can be very hard to eliminate. Prevention is better than cure! Lungworm is a relatively new disease to the London area. Dogs become infected by eating/chewing on slugs and snails or objects which have been contaminated by their slime. Once infected, they can develop a cough or a bleeding problem. Some infected dogs can die suddenly of internal bleeding with no warning.
Unless you’re planning to breed from your puppy, neutering is the best thing you can do to help them enjoy life to the full. Besides preventing unwanted puppies neutering has many health benefits: For female puppy’s, spaying can reduce their chances of developing breast cancer, uterine cancer and ovarian cancer. It also prevents pyometra (womb infection) which can be fatal, as well as false pregnancy which can be very distressing for the dog. If you have a male puppy, you should know that neutering will prevent testicular tumours (40-60% occurrence in uncastrated males) and may prevent prostate problems. It also reduces the possibility of perennial tumours and hernias. Males neutered early in life are less aggressive and less likely to roam, mark their territory with urine or mount the furniture (or you)!
Find out what your puppy is eating before they come home, and keep them on that for a week or so before you change it. The most important thing to remember with feeding puppies is that their digestive systems are still developing, so they are prone to upset tummies. The best and easiest solution is to feed an ultra-digestible food specially designed for puppies (the kibble size, shape and texture in dry foods are also good for their teeth), and to feed little and often. Divide the daily amount of food into 3 or 4 portions and feed at regular intervals, this means that their tummy won’t get overloaded. At 6 months, you can cut them down to 2 or 3 meals per day. Supervised feeding of your puppy is always recommended.
Good oral health starts off when your puppy is young! When you bring them home they will still have milk teeth. These baby teeth are quite fragile, so their kibble needs to be softer and easier to break open than an older dog’s. Around the age of 4 months, adult teeth will start coming through. You might find the odd milk tooth lying around, but usually the puppy will just swallow them. Unlike their wild counterparts our dogs are expected to live well into their teens and will need dental care to keep their teeth in good shape over the years. Dogs can suffer from all the same dental problems as we do, they experience pain from dental disease and can even develop infections in other parts of the body as the result of an infected mouth. Daily tooth brushing is the gold standard for oral care, using a special pet toothbrush and veterinary toothpaste is recommended. DO NOT USE HUMAN TOOTHPASTE as this contains too much fluoride and can cause poisoning. Feeding your dog dry food, rawhide and dental chews will help to keep his teeth clean between brushing.
information on new puppies
Every owner wants to do the best for their dog but even with the best preventative care you can’t always ensure your pet does not fall ill or injure themselves. We are dedicated to providing your pet with the best and most up-to-date treatments possible. We try our hardest to keep costs reasonable, but there is no denying that accidents or long-term illnesses can cause the veterinary bills to mount up. Insurance offers peace of mind that you will be able to provide the care your puppy needs, should a crisis happen. Pet insurers offer different levels of cover, and prices vary according to your puppy’s age, breed or size and type, as well as your location.
Pet Health Club
It’s easy to spread the cost of your pets routine healthcare, including annual vaccinations, flea & worming treatments and vet visits, with our monthly Pet Health Club. The club provides affordable monthly payments made by Direct Debit to help budget the costs pet insurance won’t pick up. Our club also saves you money, annual savings of up to 39% are available by joining the Pet Health Club.
Dog Appeasing Pheromone
Bringing your new puppy home will be one of the most stressful times of their life. Initially they may feel lonely and distressed, this may also reduce their ability to learn effectively. Dog Appeasing Pheromone (DAP) is a synthetic version of the pheromone your puppy’s mother released while she was feeding her puppies. By putting a DAP impregnated collar on your puppy as soon as you collect him from the breeder you will be able to reduce the stress of bringing him home and help him settle more easily into your home. Furthermore, a recent study has shown that puppies who wear DAP collars during their initial socialisation and puppy training period grow up to be better behaved and less aggressive. DAP can be used in spray form on furniture to prevent chewing or urine marking and as a plug in diffuser whenever stressful events occur (eg visitors to the home, new furniture, new animals or baby in the home).
You can bath your puppy at any stage if you feel they need it. You must make sure that you use a puppy shampoo and warm water, rinse thoroughly after shampooing, and dry completely afterwards. Prevent water from going into your puppy’s ears by using cotton wool balls. You should not bath your dog any more than once every 2 weeks. Do not use baby shampoo on your puppy –it has an incorrect pH for dogs skin and can cause itching and rashes!
Free Nurse Checks
Our qualified nurses run free Puppy Checks. You can book in to see us when your puppy is 4, 5 and 6 months old. During these clinics the nurse will discuss diet, vaccinations, flea and worming treatment and any problems you may have.